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Marxism And Globalization


Karl Marx is best known for his work and his theories on capitalism in the late 19th Century. This was a time when imperialism was on the rise as the English were expanding their empire bringing in a new global economy. Marx observations on class and capitalism became known as Marxist theory and is applied in social science studies even today.


Marx believed that economics was based on class structure. During his lifetime, Marx observed the shift in culture that was due to an expanding globalization and also the new technologies in industry of the Industrial Revolution and the way these combined changed the lives of people from different classes.

High culture became something that was to be used only by the upper classes because of cost. High culture enjoyed the products that they could afford due to their income. However the Industrial Revolution allowed the mass production of many products that gave the working class access to owning material goods. This therefore became the beginning of capitalization.


Capitalization is the idea that a society becomes obsessed with buying material goods. Some of which is needed and others that are not. Mass production meant that material goods were able to be produced at much cheaper levels than the hand made goods that became too expensive for the lower classes.


During the Industrial Revolution it was not only industry that enjoyed the benefits of new technologies. Transport became far easier with the birth of railways and trains and therefore the world became a smaller place with other countries being easier to get to than ever before.

With the birth of trains and railways came an ease of immigration that had never been seen before as people were not limited to living in the area where they were born. With the expanding English Empire, people were now able to choose where to live as well as enjoying employment of their choosing instead of trade being family businesses.

As people travelled the empire, trade routes would come necessary for people to still enjoy the material goods that they would have enjoyed in their home country. Therefore ideas of capitalism spread through the globe until there was a sense of globalization.


Karl Marx was a socialist who observed the patterns of the production and purchase of goods designed for both high culture and low culture. What materialised was the way that people wanted to earn more money in order to pay for the goods that they admired.