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Egyptian Civilization

One of the most iconic examples of ancient architecture is at the site of the three pyramids of Giza. They line up with the stars of Orion’s belt and display a knowledge of geometry, astronomy and physics that the scientists of modern times have only recently begun to recovery. But what do we really know about the civilization that these master builders belonged to?

Egyptian borders define it as a North African country and over the centuries its culture has evolved. Though predominantly Muslim now, the ancient Egyptians worshiped a pantheon of deities not unlike those followed by the Romans, Greeks or Mayans. Their religious practices were often inseparable from their concept of science. The pyramids themselves were built to house the bodies and treasures of their god-kings or Pharaohs so they would be comfortable in the next life. This is also why their embalming processes were so intricate.

The Egyptian society did not evolve in isolation however. There was regular trade with European nations as well as with the Nubian kingdoms to the south. At different points in time both of these outside groups were able to incorporate their bloodlines into the monarchy or in some cases even overthrow the ruling family. Even without the intrusion of foreign families, there was a fair amount of intrigue. Egyptian royalty often married siblings to each other to strengthen bloodlines which sometimes had the opposite effect of producing weaker nobles. These made easy targets for those who were interested in gaining power for themselves.

While many other societies were fiercely patriarchal, Ancient Egypt had its fair share of female rulers. Many of them were known for their courage, their ability to plan and execute strategies flawlessly and their charm. While some were also known for their beauty, the most famous of these, Cleopatra, was not. Those who met her described her as intriguing but this came from mental strength rather than physical attractiveness.

Over time the Egyptian civilization withered. This is very much like the story of all great civilization that eventually meet their end. Its burial sites were plundered centuries later and its languages were forgotten.

While much can be learned about the nature of people from studying the rise and fall of this nation, it is important to note that all civilizations come to an end. The one in which we currently live has existed in its current form for much less time than the Egyptians’.